From the Gothic masters of paintings of the Madonna and altar pieces to modern provocative street artists,  Czechia is host to a vibrant arts scene. There are important historic and religious sites, classical galleries, and modern centers of contemporary art.

Some of the jewels of the country include the National Gallery, the National Museum, the DOX Center for Contemporary Art in Prague, the Rudolfinum, Kampa Island in the Vltava River, the MeetFactory with its studio and exhibition spaces for young artists, and the Prague City Gallery. Outside of Prague, there are outstanding exhibitions worth seeing in Brno, Kutná Hora, Pilsen, Cheb, Ostrava, and Olomouc. A growing art market, together with a number of private initiatives, have also contributed to the boom of new art galleries, festivals, and platforms.

An important initiative to promote Czech post-revolutionary and contemporary art both within the country and internationally was the establishment of the Jindřich Chalupecký Society in 1990.

The winners have often been graduates of some of the country’s most prestigious art schools, such as the Academy of Fine Arts in Prague and the Academy of Arts, Architecture and Design (UMPRUM) in Prague, and art faculties of the universities in Brno, Ostrava, and Ústí nad Labem.