Czech theatre is best known for such outstanding figures as playwright Václav Havel, directors Otomar Krejča and Alfréd Radok, and set designer Josef Svoboda. Other highlights include Czech puppetry and a tradition of excellence in stenography. Czechs are at the top of the list of those skilled in black light theatre technology, and its young generation of aspiring theater artists get a chance in school to participate in a broad range of interdisciplinary projects and experimental theatre.

Loutkář/Puppeteer is the oldest theatre magazine in the world (first issued in 1912) specializing in the art of puppetry and alternative theatre.

Czech opera, a genre combining both theatre and music, is represented by a number of internationally recognized composers: Bedřich Smetana, Antonín Dvořák, Leoš Janáček, and Bohuslav Martinů.

The Prague Quadrennial of Performance Design and Space was established in 1967 to bring the best in designs for performances, scenography and theatre architecture to the front line of cultural activities to be experienced by professional and emerging artists as well as the general public.