The Czech Republic is a parliamentary democracy. The President of the Czech Republic is the head of state and Commander-in-Chief of the armed forces. The Parliament is the Czech Republic’s supreme legislative body and consists of the Chamber of Deputies, the lower house, and the Senate, the upper house.

After the revolutionary events of November 1989, which brought about the downfall of the Communist regime, the entire country faced the uneasy task of resuming its pre-Communist traditions and building back a democratic political system.

The supreme executive body of the country is the Government. The President appoints the Prime Minister and other government officials: deputy ministers and ministers appointed on the basis of the Prime Minister’s recommendations. The independent Constitutional Court is the supreme judiciary body in the Czech Republic. It consists of 15 judges appointed by the President, with the consent of the Senate, for a term of ten years. In their decisions, judges are bound only by constitutional laws, international treaties, and a law designating the proceedings of the Constitutional Court.